The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Braz J Infect Dis 2017;21:472-6 - Vol. 21 Num.4 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjid.2017.03.012
Brief communication
Identification of Human Bocavirus type 4 in a child asymptomatic for respiratory tract infection and acute gastroenteritis – Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil
Teresinha Teixeira de Sousaa, Tâmera Nunes Vieira Almeidab, Fabíola Souza Fiaccadoric, Menira Souzac, Kareem Rady Badrb, Divina das Dôres de Paula Cardosoc,,
a Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de Goiás, Hospital Geral de Goiânia Alberto Rassi, Departamento de Pneumologia, Goiânia, GO, Brazil
b Universidade Federal de Goiás, Programa de Graduação em Medicina Tropical e Saúde Pública, Goiânia, GO, Brazil
c Universidade Federal de Goiás, Instituto de Patologia Tropical, Laboratório de Virologia Humana, Goiânia, GO, Brazil
Received 03 November 2016, Accepted 17 March 2017
Abstract

Human Bocavirus (HBoV) has been identified from feces and respiratory samples from cases of both acute gastroenteritis and respiratory illness as well as in asymptomatic individuals.

The aim of this study was to detect and characterize HBoV from fecal samples collected from hospitalized children aged less than five years old with no symptoms of respiratory tract infection (RTI) or acute gastroenteritis (AGE). The study involved 119 children and one fecal sample was collected from each participant between 2014 and 2015. HBoV was detected using Nested-PCR, and the viral type identified by genomic sequencing. HBoV-4 was identified from one sample obtained from a hospitalized child with soft tissue tumor of the submandibular region. This is the first report of HBoV-4 identification in Brazil, but we consider that this type may be circulating in the country similar to the other types and new investigations are necessary.

Keywords
HBoV-4, Asymptomatic children, Tumor of the submandibular region
Braz J Infect Dis 2017;21:472-6 - Vol. 21 Num.4 DOI: 10.1016/j.bjid.2017.03.012